Three Sister Farm offers a wide range of native plants , herbs and other useful garden plants.

 

Please email to defrey@bioshelter for prices and availability

 

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Three Sisters Farm and Nursery

Cultivation Guide

 

 

Native and Habitat Plants

        Common Name

Botanical Name

Height

Color

Bloom Time

Moisture

Dry-Moderate-Wet

Sun

Full – Partial-Shade

Habitat

Black Eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

1-3’

Golden Yellow

June-October

Dry to Moderate

Full to Partial

Fields, prairies and open woods

Black Cohosh

Cimicifuga podocarpa

3-8’

White

June-September

Moderate to Wet

Partial to Shade

Woods with deep, loamy, moist soils

Blue Cohosh

Caulophyllum thalictroides

1-3’

Purple-Brown,  Yellow Green

April-June

Moderate to Wet

Partial to Shade

Woods with deep, loamy, moist soils

Blue False Indigo

Baptisa australis

 

2’-5’

Blue

June - July

Moderate

Full to Partial

Thin woods and along streams

Common St. John’s Wort

Hypericum perforatum

1-2.5’

Yellow

June-September

Dry to Moderate

Full to Partial

Naturalized – Found in fields, roadsides and waste places.

Dutchman’s Breeches

Dicentra cucullaria

4-12”

White

April-May

Moderate

Partial to Shade

Rich woods – Prefers to grow at the base of beech and maple trees.

Dwarf Ginseng

Panax trifolius

 

4-8”

Dull White to Pink

April - June

Moderate to Wet

Partial to Shade

Moist woods and damp clearings

Evening Primrose

 

Oenothera biennis

2-5’

Yellow

June -September

Dry to Moderate

Full to Partial

Fields and roadsides

Great Blue Lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica

3-4’

Bright Blue

August-September

Moderate to Wet

Full to Partial

Rich lowlands, meadows and swamps

Green Headed Cone Flower

Rudbeckia laciniata

1-3’

Yellow

June-October

Moderate to Wet

Full to Partial

Fields, prairies and open woods

Hepatica

Anemone americana

4-6”

Pink, lavender or white

March-June

Moderate

Full to Partial

Woods with sandy to loam soils

Jacob’s Ladder

Polemonium van-bruntiae

1.5-3’

Bluish-purple

May-July

Moderate

Partial to Shade

Swamps, bogs and rich woods

Jewelweed

Impatiens capensis

2-5’

Orange and Yellow

July-September

Moderate to Wet

Partial to Shade

Shaded wetlands and woods

Joe Pye Weed – Plain

 

 

Eupatorium fistulosa

3-8’

Pinkish Lavender

July - September

Moderate to Wet

Full to partial

Damp meadows, shorelines

        Common Name

Botanical Name

Height

Color

Bloom Time

Moisture

Dry-Moderate-Wet

Sun

Full – Partial-Shade

Habitat

Joe Pye Weed - Spotted

Eupatorium maculatum

 

3-7’

Pinkish Lavender

July - September

Moderate to Wet

Full to partial

Damp meadows, shorelines

Miterwort

Mitella diphylla

8-18”

Tiny White

April - June

Moderate

 

Partial to Shade

Rich woods

New England Aster

Aster novae-angliae

3-7’

Bright Purple

August – October

Moderate

Full to Partial

Wet thickets, meadows, and swamps

Ostrich Ferns

 

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Up to 5’

---------------

---------------

Moderate

Partial to Shade

Woods with moist rich soils

Oxeye Daisy

 

Leucanthemum vulgare

1-3’

White and Yellow

June-August

Dry to Moderate

Full to Partial

Waste places, meadows, pastures and roadsides.  Can spread rapidly.

Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

1-5’

Purple

June-October

Dry to Moderate

Full to Partial

Dry open woods and prairies

Showy Tick Trefiol

Desmodium candense

2-6’

Pink

July-August

Moderate to Wet

Full to Partial

Moist open woods and edges of fields

Spring Beauty

Claytonia virginica

6-12”

Pink

March-May

Moderate

Partial

Moist woods, thickets, clearing and lawns

Swamp Milkweed

 

Asclepias

incarnate

1-4’

Pink

June-August

Moderate to Wet

Full to Partial

Swamp, shorelines and thickets

Toothwort

 

Cardamine concatenate

8-16”

White or Pink

April-May

Wet

Partial

Moist low woodlands and damp thickets

Trillium - Red

Trillium erectum

Burgundy

May-June

Moderate

Partial

 

Woods with rich, well-drained soils

Trillium - White

 

Trillium grandifolia

6-12”

White

May-June

Moderate

Partial

Woods with rich, well-drained soils

Violet Family

 

Violacea

3-5”

Lavender, White, Cream

March-June

Moderate to Wet

Partial to Shade

Damp woods, moist meadows, lawns and roadsides

Virginia Blue Bells

 

Mertensia virginica

8-24”

Light Blue

March-June

Moderate

Partial to Shade

Floodplains and moist woods

Virginia Creeper

 

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

40’

Light Blue, White

Early Summer

Moderate

Full to Shade

Can spread rapidly.  Handling plants may cause skin irritation.

Virginia Spiderwort

 

Tradescantia virginiana

8-24”

Blue-Violet

April - July

Dry to Moderate

Full to Partial

Woodland borders, thickets, meadows and roadsides

Wild Bergamot

 

Mondara fistulosa

 

2-3’

Lavender

June - September

Dry to Moderate

Full to Partial

Dry fields, thickets and borders

Wild Blue Lupine

 

Lupine perennis

1-2’

Blue

April-July

Dry

Full Sun

Dry, open woods and fields

Wild Blue Phlox

 

Phlox divaricata

8-12”

Blue

April - June

Moderate

Full to Partial

Rich woods and fields

Wild Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

1-2’

Red w/ Yellow

May - June

Dry to Moderate

Full to Partial

Rocky, wooded or open slopes

Wild Ginger

 

Asarun canadense

6-12”

Red Brown to Green Brown

April - May

Moderate to Wet

Partial to Shade

Woods with rich, loamy, well drained soils

Wild Oats

 

Chasmanthium latifolium

2-3’

Enclosed in seed head

June - July

Moderate

Full Sun to Shade

Woods with rich, loamy, well drained soils

Wood Geranium

 

Geranium maculatum

1-2’

Pink

May – June

Moderate

Full Sun

Woods thickets and meadows

 

 

 

 

Herbs

The following herbs grow best in rich, well drained soils and full sun.  In the fall, it is best to mulch them or

bring them indoors so that they can over-winter. 

  • Salad Burnet
  • Bronze Fennel
  • Chives
  • Lemon Balm
  • Mint
  • Oregano
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Sweet Woodruff
  • Tansy
  • Thyme
  • Lavender
  • Tarragon